(31) Pz.Kpfw. V Panther In Attack & Defence

Color profiles: Arkadiusz Wróbel, captions: Marek Jaszczołt, Robert Wróblewski
Free decals for all 16 painting schemes in 3 scales.


Painting schemes of Panther tanks, like any other German combat vehicles of WWII era, evolved with time and were specific to various theaters of operations. Nevertheless, they were consistent with norms and standards operative in the German Armed Forces. Obviously, there were exceptions to the rules. Those were usually caused by lack of suitable paints and multiple overpainting of a particular vehicle.
A major change in the camouflage system of the German combat vehicles, which stemmed from frontline experiences, occurred in early 1943. It had been discovered that the commonly used dark gray color (Panzergrau) offered hardly any camouflage in open steppes of Russia. This fact led to mounting losses among the ranks of the Panzerwaffe. Following Army Communiqué (Heeresmitteilung) HM 1943 No. 181, dated 18th February 1943, the dark gray was replaced by dark yellow (RAL 7028) as the base color for all German vehicles, supplemented by red brown (RAL 8017) and olive green (RAL 8002). The three colors served to create a great variety of painting schemes. Factory-fresh vehicles were supplied in the dark yellow factory base coat, to be painted at unit level with disruptive patterns of red brown and olive green according to regional and seasonal requirements. In winter most Panthers were painted with white distemper. Winter coatings differed, too. Some tanks were carefully camouflaged, whereas others only perfunctorily. In some cases only turrets were whitewashed. There were also more elaborate patterns in use, aimed at breaking up the outline of the vehicle.
In September 1944 Zimmerit (a coat of non-magnetic plaster which covered armor plates to prevent a magnetic mine from clinging to the metal) was phased out of use. This decision shortened production time by six days. At the same time that the Zimmerit use was discontinued, the increasingly unfavorable strategic situation faced by the Panzerwaffe demanded another revision of the camouflage colors and patterns it used. A new olive green color (RAL 6003) was introduced. It was slightly darker than its predecessor, while the new red brown (RAL 8012) was of more red tinge. However, old paints from stocks were also in use. Hence, in some cases new vehicles featured old colors, while older tanks sported new paints. Beginning with November 1944, the M.N.H. (Maschinenfabrik Niedersachsen-Hannover) plant delivered tanks with red oxide primer as the base color, supplemented by patches of dark yellow, olive green and red brown. Due to shortages of the dark yellow paint (RAL 7028), at times it was replaced by the darker RAL 7021.
The final stage of the war saw a breach of all camouflage systems and rules. Panthers, like any other German armor vehicles, were simply painted with what was still at hand. Since the dark yellow paint was increasingly hard to come by, olive green or even red brown colors were used instead as base colors

Robert Wróblewski


Pz.Kpfw. V Panther Ausf. D, coded “824”, of 52nd Panzer Battalion; Kursk, July 1943. During the Battle of Kursk the battalion was attached to the Panzergrenadier Division “Großdeutschland” and supported it until the latter part of July. In late August the battalion returned to its parent 11th Panzer Division. The tank features the three-color camouflage and the unit’s emblem – red panther’s head.

Pz.Kpfw. V Panther Ausf. D, coded “213” and named “Mäuschen!” of Pz.Abt. 51; south of Dnepropetrovsk, early October 1943. During that period the battalion under the command of Hptm. Arthur Meyer was subordinated to the Panzergrenadier Division Großdeutschland.

Pz.Kpfw. V Panther Ausf. A, coded “200”, of Hptm. Cramer, I Battalion, 1st Panzer Regiment, 1st Panzer Division; Zytomierz area, November 1943. The Panther battalion arrived at the eastern front with its 76 tanks on 15th November. This freshly delivered Panther lacks camouflage, being covered only with yellow base color. White, black-outlined number is clearly visible. Of note is the fact that also side skirts are covered with zimmerit.

Pz.Kpfw. V Panther Ausf. A, coded “428”, z 1st SS Panzer Regiment, 1st SS Panzer Division; Ukraine, January 1944. This is one of replacement tanks delivered to the unit in late December. White distemper covers dark yellow base color.